Climate change, the global demand for energy, and the depletion of easily accessible natural resources has led to an increase in mining activities in the Arctic, including in Nunavut, a region rich in resources but remote in comparison to the rest of Canada. Nunavut is a predominantly Inuit socio-political region created in 1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) (1993). The NLCA also enshrined the Inuit right to manage the region’s minerals and other natural resources. Yet, despite this power to “steer their own ship,” Inuit communities struggle to maximize the benefits from resource development.
Ritsema, Roger, Jackie Dawson, Miriam Jorgensen, and Brenda Macdougall. 2015. "'Steering Our Own Ship?' An Assessment of Self-Determination on and Self-Governance for Community Development in Nunavut." The Northern Review 41:157-180.