The Indigenous peoples of Arizona—like the Indigenous peoples of the United States as a whole—have long been among its poorest citizens. As of the 2000 Census, for example, American Indians represented 13% of the state’s population in poverty, although they represented only 5% of Arizona’s population overall. Some of the most severe pockets of poverty are on reservations.
Cornell, Stephen, and Miriam Jorgensen. 2010. "Native Nations and Arizona's Economy." In Building Arizona's Future: Jobs, Innovation and Competitiveness, edited by Vera Pavlakovich-Kochi and Jen E. McCormack. Tucson: Arizona Town Hall and University of Arizona.