There is a long tradition of global collaboration in biomedicine and public health. Examples range from medical outposts in rural communities run by foreign missionaries (Good 1991) to the early infectious disease programs of the Rockefeller Foundation (Fosdick 1989) and from medical services and training programs for indigenous populations set up by colonial authorities (Marks 1997) to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) established by a collective of sovereign governments (Cueto 2007).
Meslin, E.M., Garba I. “Introduction: international collaboration for global public health”, in Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe (Barrett, D.H. et al, eds.) (2016).