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Brown, Eddie F., Leslie S. Whitaker, Melinda Springwater, Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, Michelle Hale, and Ami Nagle. 2001. Welfare, Work, and American Indians: The Impact of Welfare Reform. In A Report to the National Congress of American Indians. St. Louis and Tucson: Kathryn M. Buder Center for American Indian Studies, George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University and Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy, Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, University of Arizona.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) ushered in a new era of welfare programs in America. PRWORA and related legislation specifically addressed the needs of American Indian tribes. In this report we review the key features of the welfare reform legislation as it applies to American Indians and Indian Country, assess—to the best of our ability with currently available information—its impact on Indian nations and its chances of achieving its goals, and identify key issues that demand attention if welfare reform is to succeed on Indian lands.