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Cornell, Stephen, and Joseph P. Kalt. 2005. “Two Approaches to Economic Development on American Indian Reservations: One Works, the Other Doesn't.” Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs (JOPNA). Tucson and Cambridge: Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy and Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.
Compares the “standard approach,” long supported by the U.S. government and by some Indian nations, to the “nation-building approach”; defines the characteristics of these two approaches; shows why the latter approach has begun to produce significant improvements in reservation socioeconomic conditions.